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Temporary Protected Status (TPS) and Deferred Enforced Departure (DED)

This webpage contains tools for TPS and DED holders, practitioners, advocates, media, the general public and more. Check back frequently for updates and new resources!

On this page:

About TPS and DED |  TPS and DED Key Dates and Information | Quick Updates on TPS and DED Decisions | Upcoming TPS Decision Dates | TPS Litigation Updates | Practitioner Resources | Preparing for the End of TPS/DED | Advocacy Tools | Advocacy Reports and Backgrounders | Outreach to the Administration | Media Resources | Parish Resources

 

Breaking news: On Oct. 31, the Dept. of Homeland Security published the first steps of its plan to comply with the preliminary injunction on the Sudan, Nicaragua, Haiti and El Salvador TPS terminations in the Ramos v. Nielsen case. Information will be posted on this page and distributed through CLINIC’s agency updates listserve. Sign up for CLINIC listserves here and check back on this page often.

 

About TPS and DED


Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, is a life-saving immigration status that allows foreign nationals to remain in the U.S. if during the time they were in the U.S. something catastrophic happened in their country of origin preventing their safe return – for example war, famine, natural disaster, or epidemic. TPS allows people to work legally and be protected from deportation.

Deferred Enforced Departure, or DED, like TPS, allows foreign nationals to be protected from deportation and have the opportunity to work. DED is granted through the President’s foreign relations power.

 

If you are a TPS recipient who needs legal assistance, please contact one of our affiliates using our directory.

 

Who are TPS holders?

Country

Population[1]

Expiration Date

Decision Date[2]

Original Designation

Redesignations (if any)

Type of TPS Designation (except for Liberia)

 

South Sudan

70

May 2, 2019

Mar. 3, 2019

Nov. 3, 2011

Sept. 2, 2014 and Jan. 25, 2016

(A) ongoing armed conflict AND

(C) extraordinary and temporary conditions

 

Syria

 

 

7,000

 

Sept. 30, 2019

Aug. 1, 2019

Mar. 29, 2012

June 17, 2013; January 5, 2015; and Aug. 1, 2016

(A) ongoing armed conflict AND

(C) extraordinary and temporary conditions

Yemen 1,250 March 3, 2020 Jan. 3, 2020 Sept. 3, 2015 Jan. 4, 2017
(A) ongoing armed conflict AND
 
(C) extraordinary and temporary conditions
Somalia 500 March 17, 2020 Jan 17, 2020 Sept. 16, 1991 Sept. 4, 2001 and Sept.18, 2012

(A) ongoing armed conflict AND

(C) extraordinary and temporary conditions

Sudan

1,040

Autoextension:

April 2, 2019*

N/A

Nov. 4, 1997

Nov. 9, 1999; Nov. 2, 2004; and May 3, 2013

(A) ongoing armed conflict AND

(C) extraordinary and temporary conditions

Nicaragua

2,550

Autoextension:

April 2, 2019*

N/A

Jan. 5, 1999

N/A

(B) environmental disaster and inability, temporarily, to accept returns

Liberia - DED

745 – 4,000

Termination effective March 31, 2019

N/A

TPS: 1991-1999

DED: 1999-2002

 

TPS: 2002-2007

DED: 2007-present

TPS: 2014-2017

Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) must have resided in US since Oct. 2002
Nepal 8,950 Termination effective June 24, 2019 N/A June 24, 2015 N/A (B) earthquake and inability, temporarily, to accept returns

Haiti

46,000

TPS in effect until July 22, 2019 and then TBD*

N/A

Jan. 21, 2010

July 23, 2011

(C) extraordinary and temporary conditions
El Salvador 195,000 TPS in effect until Sept. 9, 2019 and then TBD* N/A Mar. 9, 2001 N/A

(B) environmental disaster and inability, temporarily, to accept returns

 

Honduras 57,000 Termination effective Jan. 5, 2020 N/A Jan. 5, 1999 N/A (B) environmental disaster and inability, temporarily, to accept returns

*Countries covered by Ramos v. Nielsen litigation and preliminary injunction.


[1]These figures represent the population of expected re-registrants and come from Jill H. Wilson, Temporary Protected Status: Overview and Current Issues, Congressional Research Service, RS20844, Jan. 17, 2018, available at https://fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RS20844.pdf. This CRS report (p. 5) also includes higher figures from USCIS of individuals who had TPS but have switched to another status, left the US, died, or for other reasons did not maintain the status. The DED 745 number is based on work authorization; actual beneficiaries (including those who do not apply for work authorization) may be much higher based on various estimates.
[2]INA 244(b)(3) requires that DHS make a decision 60 days prior to the expiration date and “timely” publish such determination in the Federal Register. DED has no advance notice requirement.

 

Quick Updates on TPS and DED Decisions


Sudan: TPS for Sudan has been automatically extended through April 2, 2019 through the Ramos v. Nielsen lawsuit.

Nicaragua: TPS for Nicaragua has been automatically extended through April 2, 2019 through the Ramos v. Nielsen lawsuit.

Liberia DED: Liberia DED received a 12-month termination in March 2018 . The last day of DED for Liberia will be March 31, 2019.

Nepal: Nepal received a  12-month termination in April 2018 . The last day of TPS for Nepal will be June 24, 2019. 

Haiti: The termination of TPS for Haiti is under review in the Ramos v. Nielsen lawsuit. TPS for Haiti will be continued until July 22, 2019 and then to be determined depending on litigation.

El Salvador: The termination of TPS for El Salvador is under review in the Ramos v. Nielsen lawsuit. TPS for El Salvador will be continued until Sept. 9, 2019 and then to be determined depending on litigation.

Honduras: Honduras received an  18-month termination in May 2018 . The last day of TPS for Honduras will be Jan. 5, 2020.

South Sudan: TPS for South Sudan received an  18-month extension in September 2017 . The next decision date for TPS for South Sudan will be March 3, 2019. 

Syria: Syria received an  18-month extension in January 2018 . The next decision date for TPS for Syria will be Aug. 1, 2019.

Yemen: Yemen received an  18-month extension in July 2018 . The next decision date for TPS for Yemen will be Jan. 3, 2020.

Somalia: Somalia received an  18-month extension in July 2018 . The next decision date for TPS for Somalia will be Jan. 17, 2020.

 

Upcoming TPS decision dates:


March 3, 2019: South Sudan

August 1, 2019: Syria

Jan. 3, 2020: Yemen

Jan. 17, 2020: Somalia

 


TPS Litigation Updates

On Oct. 3, 2018, a preliminary injunction was issued in the Ramos v. Nielsen case, temporarily halting the Department of Homeland Security’s, or DHS, termination of Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, for Sudan, Nicaragua, Haiti and El Salvador.

Updated date: 10/31/2018

Beneficiaries and advocates are pushing back against the administration’s attempts to terminate Temporary Protected Status for multiple countries. Here is a look at the lawsuit currently filed.

Updated date: 11/01/2018

 

TPS/DED Holder, Advocate and Practitioner Resources

A judge has blocked the deportation of thousands of immigrants facing the end of Temporary Protected Status. Although the court order only covers four countries, the CLINIC's executive director says the move is a "welcome step."

Read the full article published in Crux here.

Updated date: 11/13/2018

Use these flow charts as a quick guide to understand recent developments on TPS for countries in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East and Asia. Available in English and Spanish.

Updated date: 11/01/2018

This memo summarizes irregularities and errors in Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, implementation post-decision observed by the Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc., or CLINIC, during the Trump administration.

Updated date: 10/30/2018

This guide recommends steps DED holders can take now to prepare their families for after the program ends.

Updated date: 10/01/2018

This chart contains key information and dates for TPS countries including most recent decision, re-registration period, EAD automatic extension and more.

Updated date: 08/30/2018

Quick facts about what the recent TPS terminations mean for those who hold this immigration status.

Updated date: 08/06/2018

This tool will help immigrant legal service providers and community-based organizations plan to effectively and efficiently respond to the decisions on TPS for certain nationalities.

Updated date: 06/11/2018

When TPS decisions are made, be it termination or extension, immigrants are required to re-register and reapply for employment authorization. Here is the basic process for re-registering TPS holders.

Updated date: 02/15/2018

This quick guide will assist TPS holders in understanding DHS decisions on TPS, including terminations and indecisions. The guide also offers seven steps TPS holders can take to prepare and provides helpful links to resources.  

Updated date: 01/17/2018

On January 8, 2018, DHS announced that TPS for El Salvador will terminate on September 9, 2019. Join CLINIC for a discussion on how this and other recent TPS decisions will impact your clients. We will review the TPS decisions for nationals of El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras and Nicaragua, including critical dates for re-registration and how to maintain employment authorization. We will also address screening TPS recipients for other forms of relief, including adjustment of status eligibility; offer community education materials; and provide advocacy updates.

Updated date: 01/16/2018

Are your TPS clients eligible for permanent relief through family-based immigration?

Over the coming months DHS will continue to review TPS designations for several countries.

In this webinar we will explore options to help TPS recipients who are immediate relatives adjust status. We will review adjustment of status under INA sections 245(a) and 245(i) and adjustment for TPS holders residing in the 6th and 9th Circuits.

Updated date: 12/06/2017

A collection of briefings held to discuss the recent terminations and extensions of TPS and what that means for holders, our affiliates and the community as a whole.

Updated date: 11/30/2017

Do you have clients with Temporary Protected Status who reside in the jurisdiction of either the Sixth or Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals? These frequently asked questions explain how current USCIS policy permits individuals who entered the United States without inspection, but subsequently received TPS, adjust to lawful permanent resident status.  

Updated date: 11/15/2017

This screening tool will help legal representatives determine whether a TPS recipient may be eligible to adjust to lawful permanent resident status in the United States.

Updated date: 11/10/2017

 

Federal Register Notice Analysis

The Federal Register Notice for the 18-month extension of TPS for Yemen (from Sept. 4, 2018 to March 3, 2020) was published Aug. 14, 2018. CLINIC’s summary contains key information for TPS holders regarding how to re-register and maintain work authorization through the designation period.

Updated date: 09/30/2018

The Federal Register Notice for the 18-month termination of TPS for Honduras (from July 5, 2018 to Jan. 5, 2020) was published today, June 5, 2018.

Updated date: 09/30/2018

The Federal Register Notice for the 12-month termination of TPS for Nepal (from June 24, 2018 to June 24, 2019) was published on Tuesday, May 22, 2018.

Updated date: 09/30/2018

The Federal Register Notice for Syria TPS was published on March 5, 2018. Read CLINIC’s analysis for guidance on the re-registration process and maintaining work authorization.

Updated date: 09/30/2018

Yesterday’s Federal Register Notice on Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, for Haiti contained an error affecting Haitian TPS holders who have pending applications with USCIS.

Updated date: 09/30/2018

 

For TPS/DED Holders: Preparing for the End of TPS/DED

The president's Jan. 25, 2017 executive orders on border and immigration enforcement effectively put more than 11 million undocumented and other immigrants living in the U.S. at risk of detention and deportation. As a result, families at risk face challenges and difficult decisions in preparing for the possibility of being separated from one another. Planning to ensure children (as well as other dependents) and financial assets are taken care of is crucial but preparation can be complex.

Updated date: 09/05/2017

Use this tool to see if you may eligible for some type of immigration relief.

Updated date: 09/05/2017

This document can help undocumented individuals determine whether they might qualify for some sort of immigration relief and whether they are at high risk of being arrested by immigration.

Updated date: 03/28/2018

CLINIC's Know Your Rights materials help you be prepared for encounters with ICE or police and contain a Know Your Rights card. 

Updated date: 09/05/2017

A very informative guide on the best ways to avoid immigration scams to protect yourself and not suffer consequences. 

Available in English, Spanish, and Haitian Creole. Disponible en español.

Updated date: 03/28/2018

Immigrating to another country takes a lot of courage. Some people may see your immigration status as a weakness and try to take advantage of you. Others may genuinely want to help you, but they simply are not authorized or qualified to do so. Before you ask someone for help or pay for a service, CLINIC wants to help you protect yourself, and others, from immigration scams, commonly called notario fraud.

Updated date: 09/14/2018

 


Advocacy Tools

This backgrounder explains the history of TPS for Syria and the administration’s failure to redesignate TPS for Syria, a break with the past practice of granting the maximum protection possible to protect Syrians in the U.S. The backgrounder includes concrete steps for Members of Congress to engage in oversight of this unprecedented decision.

Updated date: 07/27/2018

This resource contains a collection of Nepali TPS holder stories and illustrates the human impact of terminating TPS.

Updated date: 10/03/2018

Use this backgrounder to help educate the public and lawmakers about Temporary Protected Status and the huge consequences to individuals, families and the U.S. as a whole following Temporary Protected Status terminations.  

Updated date: 10/03/2018

This resource contains a collection of TPS holder stories and illustrates the human impact of terminating TPS.

Updated date: 10/03/2018

 


Advocacy Reports and Backgrounders

This backgrounder explains the history of TPS for Syria and the administration’s failure to redesignate TPS for Syria, a break with the past practice of granting the maximum protection possible to protect Syrians in the U.S. The backgrounder includes concrete steps for Members of Congress to engage in oversight of this unprecedented decision.

Updated date: 07/27/2018

The current 18-month grant of Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, for Somalia will expire on Sept. 17, 2018 unless extended by the secretary of Homeland Security. By statute, the DHS secretary must decide whether to extend and/or redesignate or terminate TPS for Somalia by July 19, 2018.

Updated date: 06/29/2018

The current 18-month grant of Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, for Yemen will expire on Sept. 3, 2018 unless extended by the secretary of Homeland Security. By statute, the DHS secretary must decide whether to extend and/or redesignate or terminate TPS for Yemen by July 5, 2018.

Updated date: 06/14/2018

This report documents the clear and acute need for an extension of Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, for Nepal for at least another 18 months.

 

Updated date: 04/02/2018
The current 18-month grant of Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, for approximately 9,000 Nepali TPS holders will expire on June 24, 2018 unless extended by the secretary of Homeland Security. By statute, the DHS secretary must decide whether to extend, terminate or redesignate TPS for Nepal by April 25, 2018.
 
Updated date: 03/29/2018
Syria Report Cover

This report documents the critical need for the United States to continue to extend Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, for Syria.

Updated date: 03/28/2018

This report documents the critical need for the United States to continue to extend Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, for Haiti until the country sufficiently recovers from a series of deadly natural disasters and is able to safely reabsorb TPS holders. Without TPS, the progress Haiti has made in recovery will be, at the least, seriously compromised.

Updated date: 03/28/2018
Image of Document

The current 6-month grant of Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, for nearly 60,000 Hondurans will expire on July 5, 2018 unless extended by the secretary of Homeland Security. By statute, the DHS Secretary must decide whether to extend, terminate or redesignate TPS for Honduras by May 4, 2018.

Updated date: 02/15/2018

The current 18-month grant of Temporary Protected Status for nearly 200,000 Salvadorans will expire on March 9, 2018 unless extended by the Department of Homeland Security Secretary. By statute, the DHS Secretary must decide whether conditions warrant extension of the deadline by Jan. 8, 2018.

Updated date: 06/13/2018

 

Outreach to the Administration

Over 300 national, state, and local immigrant, religious, labor, and civil rights organizations sent a letter to Kristjen Nielsen, Secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, asking her to grant Temporary Protected Status (TPS) for Guatemala in light of recent environmental disasters. TPS provides the ability to work and protection from deportation for foreign nationals who cannot be safely returned to their home countries due to extraordinary and temporary conditions, such as an environmental disaster.

Updated date: 07/24/2018

On July 11, 2018, CLINIC and Church World Service delivered a letter signed by over 100 faith leaders and faith-based organizations from across traditions urging the administration to grant an 18-month extension and to redesignate TPS for Somalia, demanded by Somalia’s humanitarian crisis and ongoing violent conflict.

 

Updated date: 07/11/2018

On June 20, 2018, CLINIC and Church World Service delivered a letter signed by over 650 faith leaders and organizations from across traditions urging the administration to grant an 18 month extension and to redesignate TPS for Yemen, demanded by Yemen’s ongoing war and catastrophic humanitarian crisis.

Updated date: 06/21/2018

CLINIC and Church World Service delivered a letter signed by 640 faith leaders and organizations from across traditions calling on the administration to extend and redesignate TPS for Honduras for at least another 18 months.

Updated date: 05/03/2018

CLINIC and Church World Service delivered a letter signed by 275 faith leaders and organizations from across traditions calling on the administration to extend Temporary Protected Status for Nepal for at least another 18 months.

Updated date: 04/02/2018

Today’s announcement by the administration that it will terminate Deferred Enforced Departure, or DED, for Liberia sends thousands of people back to a country that is still recovering from civil war and the 2014 Ebola crisis.

Updated date: 03/28/2018

Over 600 faith leaders and organizations from across traditions delivered a letter to the White House on March 22, 2018 urging the president to extend Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) for Liberia for at least another 18 months.

Updated date: 04/30/2018

CLINIC’s Executive Director Jeanne Atkinson joined the USCCB Committee on Migration, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Catholic Charities USA (CCUSA), and Scalabrini International Migration Network (SIMN) in sending a letter to Secretary of Homeland Security, Kirstjen Nielsen, urging an 18-month extension of Temporary Protected Status (TPS) for El Salvador

Updated date: 01/08/2018

The Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. and Church World Service delivered a letter to Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen, urging the agency to extend Temporary Protected Status for nearly 200,000 Salvadoran TPS holders for at least another 18 months.

Updated date: 01/08/2018

As the fate of Temporary Protected Status for El Salvador hangs in the balance, CLINIC board member Bishop Mark J. Seitz of El Paso’ reminds us to remember the children caught in the crossfire, many of whom are U.S. citizens.

Read his full opinion article for The Hill here.

Updated date: 01/08/2018

On Dec. 4, CLINIC joined more than 130 other faith, non-profit, academic, and other organizations from across the country in a letter urging DHS and USCIS to immediately publish the official TPS notices for Honduras, Nicaragua, and Haiti.

Updated date: 12/06/2017

The Trump administration’s decision to end Temporary Protected Status for 2,500 Nicaraguans in 12 months “is a cruel and ultimately short-sighted action that—in addition to disrupting the lives of thousands of families that help make the United States vibrant—will harm the country and the region,” said Jeanne Atkinson, executive director of the Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc.

Updated date: 03/28/2018

On Oct. 27, CLINIC joined 120 other faith, non-profit, academic and other organizations from across the country in a letter urging DHS to reconsider the recent termination of Temporary Protected Status for Sudan.

Updated date: 11/03/2017

CLINIC’s Executive Director Jeanne Atkinson joined the leaders of other major Catholic agencies that work to support immigrants and refugees have urged the head of the Department of Homeland Security to extend Temporary Protected Status for Honduras and El Salvador.

Updated date: 11/21/2017

The Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. and Church World Service delivered a letter signed by nearly 700 American faith leaders and organizations calling on the administration to continue to use Temporary Protected Status as Congress intended.

Updated date: 09/20/2017

 


Media resources

A growing body of evidence calls into question the process followed by the Trump administration in terminating Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, for countries including Honduras, El Salvador and Haiti.

Updated date: 10/01/2018

 

Parish Resources

A collection of talking points for Catholic parish leaders to use when discussing the importance of keeping Temporary Protected Status.

Updated date: 10/01/2018

This resource will help parishioners learn more about TPS and how they can help their community respond to the decisions on TPS for certain nationalities.

Updated date: 10/04/2018