Resources on Procedural Issues

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The Board of Immigration Appeals, issued calls for amicus briefs in two cases where the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appealed immigration judges’ decisions to terminate cases, where the Notices to Appear did not specify the admission status of the respondents.

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On Jan. 22, 2020, the Board of Immigration Appeals issued a decision in Matter of Angel MAYEN-Vinalay, 27 I&N Dec. 755 (BIA 2020) concerning requests for continuances by applicants for “collateral relief” pending with United States Citizenship and Immigration Services who are also in removal proceedings. In this decision, the BIA held that a noncitizen’s prima facie eligibility for U nonimmigrant status, and whether that relief will materially affect the outcome of proceedings, are not dispositive, particularly where there are relevant secondary factors that weigh against a continuance.

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This practice advisory provides practitioners guidance on Matter of L-A-B-R-, a decision issued on August 16, 2018. In L-A-B-R-, former Attorney General Jeff Session addressed the factors that an IJ must consider when a respondent requests a continuance in order “to await the resolution of a collateral matter.” This practice advisory suggests strategies practitioners may use to fight for continuances for their clients.

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On Sept. 18, 2018, Attorney General (AG) Jefferson Sessions, in two cases he referred to himself, held that immigration judges (IJs) may dismiss or terminate removal proceedings only where the regulations expressly allow or if the charges of removability against a respondent have not been sustained. Matter of S-O-G- & F-D-B-, 27 I&N Dec. 462 (A.G. 2018).

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This practice pointer provides practitioners guidance on the Attorney General’s Matter of Castro-Tum decision issued on May 17, 2018. Matter of Castro-Tum revokes immigration judges’ and the Board of Immigration Appeals’ (BIA) general authority to administratively close cases, or temporarily close cases without deciding them, with some exceptions.