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States and Localities That Limit Compliance with ICE Detainer Requests (Nov 2014)

Back to State and Local Immigration Project Page

 

The Obama Administration has removed a record number of individuals - 1.5 million during the first term alone.  Many deportable immigrants come to the attention of ICE through its various partnerships with local law enforcement agencies, including Secure Communities, the Criminal Alien Program, and 287(g).  Through these programs, ICE targets individuals who have come into contact with local and state law enforcement. If ICE has reason to believe that an individual in criminal custody may be removable, it can issue an immigration detainer asking the local law enforcement agency to continue to hold that individual for up to 48 hours to give ICE a chance to place the person into immigration custody – regardless of whether the person was ever convicted of a crime.  Although immigration detainers are merely requests - not mandatory – more often than not local law enforcement agents comply.  The result is the deportation of increasing numbers of often innocent immigrants. According to recent data, only 14% of the detainers ICE issued in FY 2012 and during the first four months of FY 2013 “target[ed] individuals who pose a serious threat to public safety or national security” while approximately half implicated individuals with “no record of criminal conviction, not even a minor traffic violation.”  

Accompanying the increase in removals is an increase in the number of states and localities that are refusing to do the federal government’s job of enforcing immigration laws.  Among the concerns cited by policymakers are burdens on limited local resources; the undermining of public safety; the destruction of trust between law enforcement and immigrant communities; the separation of families; and the questionable constitutionality of ICE detainers.  Over the past several years, three states, the District of Columbia, and at least 293 localities (29 cities and 264 counties) have officially restricted the extent to which law enforcement may continue to detain individuals to hand over to ICE.  These policies range from broad limitations prohibiting local law enforcement from honoring any ICE detainer requests to more narrow measures restricting compliance to cases where ICE has obtained a warrant from a judge backed by probable cause, or when ICE has agreed to reimburse the locality for the costs of the detention, or when the individual has been convicted of a certain felony or other serious crime.

 

JURISDICTION

ANTI-DETAINER LAW OR POLICY

DATE PASSED

STATE LAWS AND POLICIES[1]

California

“Transparency and Responsibility Using State Tools” (TRUST) Act

Oct 5, 2013

Connecticut

TRUST Act

Jul 19, 2013

Rhode Island

Governor’s Order to the Rhode Island Department of Corrections

July 17, 2014

CITY AND COUNTY POLICIES

 

Arizona

 

City of South Tucson

South Tucson Police Department Policy

June 2014

 

California

 

Alameda County

Sheriff’s Office Order

May 21, 2014

City of Anaheim

Police Department Bulletin

Aug 2014

City of Berkeley

City Council Policy

Oct 31, 2012

Butte County

Butte County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Calaveras County

Calaveras County Sheriff’s Policy

AUg 2014

Contra Costa County

Contra Costa County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Del Norte County

Del Norte County Sheriff’s Policy

 Aug 2014

City of East Palo Alto

City Council Resolution

Oct 2012

El Dorado County

El Dorado County Sheriff's Office Procedural Order

Aug 2014

City of Glendora

Glendora Police Department Policy

July 2014

Glenn County

Glenn County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Humboldt County

Humboldt County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

City of Huntington Beach

Huntington Beach Police Department Directive

Jul 2014

Imperial County

Imperial County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Inyo County

Inyo County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Kings County

Kings County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

City of La Habra

La Habra Police Department Memorandum

Jul 2014

Lake County

Lake County Sheriff Policy

Aug 2014

City of Long Beach

Long Beach Police Department Policy

July 2014

City of Los Angeles

LA Police Department Policy

Dec 11, 2012

Los Angeles County

Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Marin County

Marin County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Mariposa County

Mariposa County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Mendocino County

Mendocino County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Mono County

Mono County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Monterey County

Sheriff’s Office General Order No: 14-01

May 9, 2014

Napa County

Napa County Department of Corrections Policy

June 2014

Orange County

Orange County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

City of Richmond

Police Department Policy 428

Aug 1, 2013

Riverside County

Riverside County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Sacramento County

Sacramento County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

San Benito County

San Benito County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

San Bernardino County

San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

San Diego County

San Diego County Sheriff’s Policy

May 29, 2014

City of San Francisco

Board of Supervisors Due Process for All Ordinance

Oct 8, 2013

San Francisco County

San Francisco Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

San Joaquin County

San Joaquin County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

San Luis Obispo County

San Luis Obispo County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

San Mateo County

San Mateo County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Santa Barbara County

Santa Barbara County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Santa Clara County

Board of Supervisors Policy

Oct 18, 2011

Santa Cruz County

Santa Cruz County Sheriff’s Policy

May 12, 2014

Shasta County

Shasta County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Siskyou County

Siskyou County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Solano County

Solano County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Sonoma County

Sonoma County Sheriff’s Policy

Jul 20, 2011

Sutter County

Sutter County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Tehama County

Tehama County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

City of Torrance

Torrance Police Department Policy

Oct 2014

Tuolomne County

Tuolomne County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Tulare County

Tulare County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Ventura County

Ventura County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Yolo County

Yolo County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Yuba County

Yuba County Jail Policy

Jan 2014

 

Colorado

 

Adams County

Adams County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Alamosa County

Alamosa County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Arapaho County

Arapaho County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Archuleta County

Archuleta County Sheriff’s Policy

July 8, 2014

City of Aurora

Municipal Policy

May 2014

Baca County

Baca County Sheriff’s Policy

Sept 2014

Bent County

Bent County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Boulder County

Boulder County Sheriff’s Policy

May 21, 2014

Broomfield City and County

Police Department Memorandum

April 2014

Chaffee County

Chaffee County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Cheyenne County

Cheyenne County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Clear Creek County

Clear Creek County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Crowley County

Crowley County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Custer County

Custer County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Conejos County               

Conejos County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Costilla County 

Costilla County Sheriff’s Policy

Sept 2014

Delta County

Delta County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Denver County

Denver County Sheriff’s Policy

April 2014

Dolores County

Dolores County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Douglas County

Douglas County Sheriff’s Policy

Sept 2014

Eagle County

Eagle County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Elbert County

Elbert County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

El Paso County

El Paso County Sheriff’s Policy

Sept 2014

Fremont County

Fremont County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Garfield County

Garfield County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Gilpin County

Gilpin County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Grand County

Grand County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Gunnison County

Gunnison County Sheriff’s Policy

April 2014

Hinsdale County

Hinsdale County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Huerfano County

Huerfano County Sheriff’s Policy

Sept 2014

Jackson County

Jackson County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Jefferson County

Jefferson County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Kiowa County

Kiowa County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Kit Carson County

Kit Carson County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

La Plata County

La Plata County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Lake County

Lake County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Larimer County

Larimer County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Las Animas County

Las Animas County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Lincoln County

Lincoln County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Logan County

Logan County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Mesa County

Mesa County Sheriff’s Policy

April 2014

Mineral County

Mineral County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Moffat County

Moffat County Sheriff’s General Order 2014-01

July 2014

Montrose County

Montrose County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Montezuma County

Montezuma County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Morgan County

Morgan County Sheriff’s Memorandum

June 2014

Otero County

Otero County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Ouray County

Ouray County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Park County

Park County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Phillips County

Phillips County Sheriff’s Policy

Sept 2014

Pitkin County

Pitkin County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Prowers County

Prowers County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Pueblo County

Pueblo County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Rio Blanco County

Rio Blanco County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Rio Grande County

Rio Grande County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Routt County

Routt County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

Saguache County

Saguache County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

San Juan County

San Juan County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

San Miguel County

San Miguel County Sheriff’s Policy

April 29, 2014

Sedgwick County

Sedgwick County Sheriff’s Directive

June 16, 2014

Summit County

Summit County Sheriff’s Directive

May 2014

Teller County

Teller County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Washington County

Washington County Sheriff’s Directive

June 2014

Weld County

Weld County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Yuma County

Yuma County Sheriff’s Policy

May 2014

 

Connecticut

 

Town of East Haven

East Haven Police Department Policy 428.2         

Jun 10, 2014

 

District of Columbia

 

District of Columbia

D.C. Act 19-379

Jun 15, 2012

 

Florida

 

Broward County

Broward County Sheriff’s Policy

July 17, 2014

Hernando County

Hernando County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Hillsborough County

Hillsborough County Sheriff’s Policy

Sept 2014

Miami-Dade County

Board of County Commissioners Resolution

Dec 3, 2013

Palm Beach County

Palm Beach County Sheriff’s Policy

July 22, 2014

Pasco County

Pasco County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Pinellas County

Pinellas County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

 

Georgia

 

Clayton County

Clayton County Sheriff’s Policy

Nov 19, 2014

Fulton County

County Board of Commissioners Resolution

Sept 3, 2014

 

Illinois

 

Champaign County

Sheriff’s Office Policy

Mar 8, 2012

City of Chicago

City Council Ordinance

Sep 12, 2012

Cook County

Cook County Ordinance 11-O-73

Sep 7, 2011

 

Iowa

 

Allamakee County

Allamakee County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Benton County

Benton County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Cass County

Cass County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Clinton County

Clinton County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Dubuque County

Dubuque County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Franklin County

Franklin County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Fremont County

Fremont County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Greene County

Greene County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Ida County

Ida County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Iowa County

Iowa County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Jefferson County

Jefferson County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Johnson County

Johnson County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Linn County

Linn County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Marion County

Marion County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Monona County

Monona County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Montgomery County

Montgomery County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Polk County

Polk County Sheriff’s Policy

July 24, 2014

Pottawattamie County

Pottawattamie County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Sioux County

Sioux County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Story County

Story County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Wapello County

Wapello County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

Winneshiek County

Winneshiek County Jail Policy

Aug 2014

 

Kansas

 

Butler County

Butler County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Finney County

Finney County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Harvey  County

Harvey County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Johnson County

Johnson County Sheriff’s Policy

June 2014

Sedgwick County

Sedgwick County Sheriff’s Policy

June 11, 2014

Shawnee County

Department of Corrections Policy

May 2014

 

Kentucky

 

City of Louisville;

Jefferson County

Louisville Metro Department of Corrections Policy

2008

 

Louisiana

 

New Orleans Parish

Orleans Parish Sheriff’s Office Policy

Aug 14, 2013

 

Maryland

 

Allegany County

Allegany County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

City of Baltimore

Governor’s Policy for Baltimore City Detention Center

April 18, 2014 (revised Aug 27, 2014)

Cecil County

Cecil County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Garrett County

Garrett County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Howard County

Howard County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Kent County

Kent County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Montgomery County

Montgomery County Executive Order

Oct 7, 2014

Prince George’s County

Prince George’s County Policy

Oct 1, 2014

Queen Anne’s County

Queen Anne’s County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

St. Mary’s County

St. Mary’s County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Talbot County

Talbot County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

 

Massachusetts

 

Town of Amherst

Town of Amherst Resolution

May 21, 2012

City of Boston

City Council Ordinance

August 20, 2014

City of Cambridge

City Council Resolution

June 2, 2014

City of Northampton

Mayor’s Executive Policy Order

Aug 28, 2014

City of Somerville

Mayor’s Executive Order

May 22, 2014

 

Minnesota

 

Hennepin County

Hennepin County Sheriff’s Policy

June 11, 2014

Mower County

Mower County Sheriff’s Policy

July 2014

Olmstead County

Olmstead County Sheriff’s Policy

July, 2014

Ramsey County

Ramsey County Sheriff’s Policy

June 11, 2014

 

Nebraska

 

Douglas County

Douglas County Department of Corrections Policy

Oct 2014

Hall County

Hall County Department of Corrections Policy

Jul 15, 2014

Lancaster County

Lancaster County Sheriff’s Policy

Sept 2014

Sarpy County

Sarpy County Sheriff’s Policy

Sept 2014

 

Nevada

 

Clark County

Clark County Sheriff Policy

July 2014

City of Las Vegas

Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department Policy

July 14, 2014

Washoe County

Washoe County

Sept 2014

 

New Jersey

 

Middlesex County

Middlesex County Policy

Jul 8, 2014

City of Newark

Police Department Policy

Jul 24, 2013

Ocean County

Department of Corrections General Order

Jul 24, 2014

City of Princeton

Princeton Police Department General Order

November 2013

Union County

Department of Corrections Policy

Aug 4, 2014

 

New Mexico

 

Bernalillo County

Metropolitan Detention Center Policy

Jul 29, 2014

Dona Ana County

Dona Ana County Detention Center Policy

June 2014

Town of Mesilla

Board of Trustees Resolution

Sep 9, 2013

San Miguel County

Detention Center Policies and Procedures

Dec 10, 2010

Taos County

Adult Detention Center Policies and Procedures

Jan 4, 2011

 

New York

 

New York City

Local Law No. 21

Mar 18, 2013

Albany County

Albany County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Broome County

Broome County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Cayuga County

Cayuga County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Columbia County

Columbia County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Cortland County

Cortland County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Dutchess County

Dutchess County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Delaware County

Delaware County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Erie County

Erie County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Essex County

Essex County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Franklin County

Franklin County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Genesee County

Genesee County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Greene County

Greene County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Herkimer County

Herkimer County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Livingston County

Livingston County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Madison County

Madison County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Monroe County

Monroe County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Nassau County

Nassau County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Onondaga County

Onondaga County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Orange County

Orange County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Orleans County

Orleans County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Oswego County

Oswego County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Otsego County

Otsego County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Rensselaer County

Rensselaer County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Rockland County

Rockland County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Saratoga County

Saratoga County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Schoharie County

Schoharie County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Schuyler County

Schuyler County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Seneca County

Seneca County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

St. Lawrence County

St. Lawrence County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Suffolk County

Suffolk County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Tompkins County

Tompkins County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Ulster County

Ulster County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Warren County

Warren County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Washington County

Washington County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Wayne County

Wayne County Sheriff’s Policy

Aug 2014

Wyoming County

Wyoming County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

Yates County

Yates County Sheriff’s Policy

Oct 2014

 

Oregon

 

Baker County

Baker County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Clackamas County

Clackamas County Sheriff Policy

Apr 16, 2014

Clark County

Clark County Sheriff’s Directive

April 30, 2014

Clatsop County

Clatsop County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Coos County

Coos County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Crook County

Crook County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Curry County

Curry County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Deschutes County

Deschutes County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Douglas County

Douglas County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Gilliam County

Gilliam County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Grant County

Grant County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Hood River County

Hood River County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Jackson County

Jackson County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Jefferson County

Jefferson County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Josephine County

Josephine County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Lane County

Lane County Sheriff Policy

Apr 21, 2014

Lincoln County

Lincoln County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Linn County

Linn County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Malheur County

Malheur County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Marion County

Marion County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Multnomah County

Board of County Commissioners Resolution

Apr 4, 2013

Polk County

Polk County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Sherman County

Sherman County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

City of Springfield

Springfield Police Department Policy

Apr 2014

Tillamook County

Tillamook County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Umatilla County

Umatilla County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Union County

Union County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Wallowa County

Wallowa County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Wasco County

Wasco County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Washington County

Washington County Sheriff Policy

Apr 14, 2014

Wheeler County

Wheeler County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Yamhill County

Yamhill County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

 

Pennsylvania

 

Lehigh County

Board of Commissioners Resolution 2014-36

May 14, 2014

City of Norristown

Norristown Police Department Policy

May 2014

City of Philadelphia

Mayor Nutter Executive Order No. 1-14

April 16, 2014

 

Washington

 

Benton County

Benton County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Chelan County

Chelan County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Clallam County

Clallam County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Clark County

Clark County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Cowlitz County

Cowlitz County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Douglas County

Douglas County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Franklin County

Franklin County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

King County

King County Council Ordinance 2013-0285

Dec 2, 2013

Kitsap County

Kitsap County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Pierce County

Peirce County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Skagit County

Skagit County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Spokane County

Spokane County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Snohomish County

Snohomish County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Thurston County

Thurston County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Wahkiakum County

Wahkiakum County Sheriff Policy

May 2014

Walla Walla County

Sheriff’s Office Special Order 2014-002

April 2014

Whatcom County

Whatcom County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

Yakima County

Yakima County Sheriff Policy

Apr 2014

 

Wisconsin

 

Milwaukee County

Board of Supervisors Resolution

Jun 4, 2012




[1] Similar legislation has been introduced in Arizona, Maryland, Massachusetts, and Washington but has not yet passed.

 

For recent updates on collaboration between ICE and local law enforcement agencies, the shifting legal landscape, and the important ways in which communities are changing their detainer policies, please see the recording of CLINIC’s September 19, 2014 Webinar - Communities Resisting Immigration Enforcement: Detainer Policies and Local Advocacy.  In addition, you can find strategies for advocating against local involvement in immigration enforcement in CLINIC’s Toolkit for Communities to Advocate Against ICE Partnerships with Local Law Enforcement Agencies.  Finally, consult CLINIC’s Talking Points on Why States Should Separate Local Policing From Immigration Enforcement.

 

This summary was updated in November 2014. It is for informational purposes only and is not intended as legal advice. For questions, please contact CLINIC’s State & Local Advocacy Attorney Jen Riddle at jriddle@cliniclegal.org or (301) 565-4807. 

 




 


 

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