Immigrant communities have historically been targeted for intense scrutiny during times of crisis. Among the better-known examples are the “Red Scares” of the early 20th century and internment of Japanese immigrants (as well as naturalized citizens) during World War II.2 Each recent emergency – from September 11 to the current program of DHS raids – has had distinctive elements. Certain strands of effective emergency response run through them, however. Persons hoping to respond to today’s emergencies have much to learn from what has worked well for others.
Immigration Services in Times of Emergency analyzes the efforts of these various organizations and recommends how the “lessons learned” from post-9/11 service provision can help immigration service providers to address current and future challenges, including U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“U.S. ICE”) raids that have swept the country with increasing severity since 2006.